Following several years of constructive discussions, the Cree Nation of Wemindji, the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and the Cree Regional Authority (the “Crees”) entered into a binding Collaboration Agreement with the Éléonore project. The agreement was completed through partnership-building and extensive discussions. It aligns the various interests in the project’s success and seeks to ensure that the Crees will receive fair and equitable financial benefits. It protects the environment while supporting the Crees’ social and cultural practices in a spirit of continued collaboration, and establishes shared responsibilities in critical issues of environmental stewardship, community development, local employment, and small business development. We hope to use this agreement as a template for similar collaborations with indigenous communities.